Oral expression in different environments

Oral expression is a person’s ability to express wants, thoughts, and ideas meaningfully using appropriate syntactic, semantic, pragmatic, and phonological language structures. Oral language is important because it provides the foundation for literacy development, it is essential to academic achievement in all content areas, and it is critical for overall success in different environments. A great deal of success depends upon a person's ability to demonstrate competency through oral communication, such as when answering questions in the job or participating in group discussions.

Characteristics (Oral Expression)

The following may be exhibited by those people who demonstrate oral expression difficulties:

  • Difficulty with grammatical processes of inflection, marking categories like person, tense, and case and derivation, the formation of new words from existing words.
  • Learning vocabulary
  • Difficulty formulating complete, semantically and grammatically correct sentences either spoken or written
  • Difficulty explaining word associations, antonyms/synonyms
  • Difficulty with retelling, making inferences, and predictions

 

Exercises:

Based on questions and answers

 

  • Tasks information gaps: The client with disability is asked for information that is missing to solve a problem below expose.

 

“People with disabilities (PwD) have to face many barriers to find a job: social prejudice, accessibility problems, educational system which not focuses on them and companies which are not prepared to receive them”.

 

Questions:

 

  • Why do you think that companies do not make an effort to make easy the access of the PWD to work within them?
  • Do you think people in general are aware of the problems to achieve employment and to maintain the job for PWD?
  • Do you know any case of adaptation of the workplace in a company? 

 

Based on formal communication.

 

  • Conference: The trainee has to prepare a conference about “the caretaker job adaptation”.

 

Job position: Caretaker

Features of the worker:

Moderate physical disability and cognitive:

Polio affecting the lower limbs.

Mild intellectual disability

 

Main functional limitations:

  • Strength (ability to handle loads)
  • Limitation for scrolling.
  • Slowness in learning complex tasks or new
  • Limited initiative.

 

Main tasks: The work is based on the execution of various tasks to support human resources department. The main actions taken are as follows:

  • Management and distribution of packages and mail.
  • Running errands inside and outside the building.
  • Attention to basic public.
  • Making copies
  • Distribution of documentation
  • Basic Administrative Tasks

 

Based on visual incentives.

 

Images: Describe the following images and integrate them in a spatiotemporal context. (Determine the evolution in the time of these figures)

 

          

Fig. 1 Book                                                                Fig. 2 E-book

 

  • Audio-visual: Summarize and give your own opinion about the video.

Video: “How the autism freed me to be myself”

 

Video: (English)

Video:(Bulgarian)

Video (Spanish)

Video (Turkish)

Video (German)

 

Text-based.

 

            The trainee has to read the text (Topic 1) and give her/his own opinion.

.          

            Topic 1: Work-Life Balance

The tasks carried out by the PWD job coach, help to promote work-life balance of workers

 

"The past two decades have witnessed a sharp decline in men’s provider role, caused in part by growing female labor participation and in part by the weakening of men’s absolute power due to increased rates of unemployment and underemployment" states sociologist Jiping Zuo. She continues on to state that "Women’s growing earning power and commitment to the paid workforce together with the stagnation of men’s social mobility make some families more financially dependent on women. As a result, the foundations of the male dominance structure have been eroded."

 

Based on linguistic games.

 

(The aim is to know if the client with disabilities have knowledge about some words. In one case, they have to say the definition of one word and in other case they have to guess the word through a definition. (Answers are in italics)

 

  • Pass word: We must respond to definitions or the word in alphabetical order.

 

A: The act or process of adapting or the state of being adapted. (Adaptation)

B: to instruct (someone) or give relevant information to. (Brief)

C: An occupation or profession, esp. one requiring special training, followed as one's lifework. (Career)

D: The condition of being unable to perform a task or function because of a physical or mental impairment (Disability)

E: To inspire with courage, spirit, or confidence to do something (Encourage)

F: perform or do, such as duty; obey or follow, such as commands (fulfill)

H: to provide what is necessary to accomplish a task or satisfy a need (help)

I: lack of power, strength, or capacity; inability (incapacity)

L: Learning (the act or process of acquiring knowledge or skill)

M: Mainstream (the principal or most usual course of action or way of thinking)

O: Opportunity (a situation, state, or condition that is favorable for attaining or achieving a goal, or that provides a good position or chance for success)

R: Responsibility (the state or fact of being responsible)

S: Supporter (a person or thing that supports)

T: Training (the education, instruction, or discipline of a person or thing that is being trained)

V: Versatile (capable of or adapted for turning easily from one to another of various tasks, fields of endeavor, etc.)

 

Based on the use of ICT.

  • Record a text passage / speech and upload it to YouTube

Once he/she has the record, the client with disability will register in YouTube website and he/she will login in YouTube.

The following step is “upload the record” – click on “upload” and then click in “Select the file”. At the end, select the recording in his/her computer and wait few minutes.

  • Use programs like Skype for videoconferencing

The client with disability should create an account in Skype. The first step will be to complete all the parts of the register.

Then, he/she should connect via Skype with the SE consultant. The SE consultant will give to the client with disability the email address to add the address in the Skype and will start the conversation